Horse riding is a thrilling and rewarding sport, but it is not without risks. One of the most crucial safety measures a rider can take is wearing a protective helmet. Horse-riding helmets have come a long way in terms of design, comfort, and safety features. Choosing the right helmet can be a challenging task, especially for those new to the equestrian world. This article aims to provide an in-depth look at the different types of horse riding helmets and their purposes, as well as offer guidance on selecting the best helmet for your specific needs.

1. The Different Types of Horse Riding Helmets

There are several types of equestrian helmets, each designed for specific riding disciplines and purposes. Here are the main types you may come across:

All-Purpose Helmets: As the name suggests, these versatile helmets are suitable for various riding disciplines, from pleasure riding to jumping and dressage. They provide a balance of safety, comfort, and style, making them a popular choice for recreational riders.

Show Helmets: Designed specifically for the show ring, these helmets often feature a more traditional and polished appearance. They may have a velvet or leather cover, although modern show helmets tend to incorporate advanced materials for improved safety and comfort.

Racing Helmets: Lightweight and aerodynamic, racing helmets are built for speed and protection during horse racing events. They often feature a built-in visor and may have additional padding for added safety.

Endurance Helmets: Built for long-distance riding, endurance helmets prioritize ventilation and comfort while still providing excellent protection. They often have a wide brim to shield the rider from the sun and may include a removable liner for easy cleaning.

Western Helmets: These helmets combine the traditional look of a cowboy hat with the safety features of a modern riding helmet. They are designed for western riding disciplines and may feature decorative elements like conchos or leather tooling.

2. Safety Certifications for Riding Helmets

When choosing a riding helmet, it’s essential to ensure it meets the necessary safety standards for your region. In the United States, the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) sets the safety standards for equestrian helmets. Look for helmets with the ASTM/SEI (Safety Equipment Institute) certification, which ensures the helmet has undergone rigorous testing for impact protection and quality.


In Europe, the European Union sets safety standards for riding helmets. Helmets should carry the CE mark, indicating compliance with European safety regulations. The British Equestrian Trade Association (BETA) also has a helmet testing and certification program, so look for helmets with the BETA logo and a safety level of 3 for the highest protection.

3. How to Choose the Right Helmet

With so many helmet options available, selecting the right one can be overwhelming. Here are some factors to consider when choosing a riding helmet:

Riding Discipline: Different helmet styles are designed for specific riding disciplines, so consider your primary riding activities when selecting a helmet.

Safety Certifications: Ensure the helmet meets the necessary safety standards for your region, as discussed in the previous section.

Comfort And Fit: A comfortable and well-fitting helmet is crucial for safety and enjoyment while riding. Look for helmets with adjustable features like a dial-fit system or interchangeable padding to customize the fit.

Ventilation: Adequate airflow is essential, especially for hot or humid climates or long-riding sessions. Look for helmets with strategically placed vents to keep you cool and comfortable.

Style And Appearance: While safety should be the top priority, it’s also essential to choose a helmet that you feel confident wearing. Consider your personal style and the appearance you want to present in the show ring or while riding with friends.

4. Tips for Proper Helmet Fitting

A well-fitting helmet is crucial for safety and comfort. Follow these tips to ensure a proper fit:

Measure your head circumference using a flexible measuring tape, positioning it just above your eyebrows and around the widest part of your head. Use this measurement to determine your helmet size according to the manufacturer’s sizing chart.


Try on several helmet styles and sizes to find the best fit for your head shape. The helmet should sit level on your head, with the front edge just above your eyebrows.

Check for even pressure around your head, with no tight spots or gaps. The helmet should feel snug but not uncomfortable.

Adjust the chin strap so that it sits comfortably under your chin and holds the helmet securely in place. You should be able to fit one or two fingers between the strap and your chin.

Perform the shake test: With the chin strap fastened, shake your head vigorously. The helmet should not shift or wobble on your head.

5. Caring for Your Riding Helmet

Proper care and maintenance can extend the life of your riding helmet and ensure it continues to provide optimal protection. Follow these tips to care for your helmet:

Clean the helmet regularly using a soft cloth and mild soap. Avoid soaking the helmet or using harsh chemicals, as these can damage the materials.

Remove and wash the helmet liner, if applicable, according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

Store your helmet in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight, which can cause the materials to degrade over time.

Replace your helmet every 5 years or immediately following a significant impact, even if there are no visible signs of damage. The protective materials can lose their effectiveness over time or after absorbing an impact.


Wearing a horse riding helmet is an essential safety measure for all equestrians, regardless of skill level or riding discipline. Understanding the different types of helmets and their purposes will help you make an informed decision when selecting a helmet that meets your needs in terms of safety, comfort, and style. Remember to prioritize proper fit and follow the necessary care and maintenance guidelines to ensure your helmet provides optimal protection for years to come.